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貴陽電梯安裝公司告訴你如今消防電梯存在的問題;

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貴陽電梯安裝公司告訴你如今消防電梯存在的問題;

發布日期:2018-02-20 作者:貴陽電梯安裝公司 點擊:

貴陽電梯安裝公司">貴陽電梯安裝公司告訴你如今消防電梯存在的問題;

貴陽電梯安裝公司

Guiyang elevator installation company tells you the problems existing in the fire elevator.


消防電梯是在建築物發生火災時供消防人員進行滅火與救援使用且具有一定功能的電梯。因此,消防電梯具有較高的防火要求,其防火設計十分重要。據有關部門統計,近五年,國內發生火災近120萬起,火災造成12268人死亡、15757人受傷,直接財產損失達75.6億元。那麽,如今的消防電梯究竟還存在哪些問題呢?

Fire elevator is an elevator for fire fighting and rescue use and has a certain function in the case of a building fire. Therefore, the fire elevator has high fire protection requirements, and its fire protection design is very important.  According to the statistics of relevant departments, nearly five years in China, nearly 1 million 200 thousand fires have occurred in China. 12268 people have been killed and 15757 people have been injured, and the loss of direct property has reached 7 billion 560 million yuan. So, what are the problems that still exist in the fire elevator?

《建築設計防火規範》、《消防電梯製造與安裝安全規範》、《電梯製造與安裝安全規範》中均對高層建築物內消防電梯的設置和使用提出了具體的規定。但是目前許多建築物內消防(員)電梯的設置極不規範,隨意性太大。

In the code for fire protection design of buildings, safety code for manufacture and installation of fire elevators and safety code for manufacture and installation of elevators, specific provisions for the setting and use of fire elevators in high-rise buildings are put forward. But at present, in many buildings, the setting of the elevator is very irregularities and is too random.


按照《建築設計防火規範》規定,一類公共建築、塔式住宅、十二層以上的單元式住宅或通廊式住宅、高度超過32米的其它二類公共建築均應設置消防電梯。其數量為當每層建築麵積不大於1500平方米時,應設1台;當大於1500平方米但不大於4500平方米時,應設2台;當大於4500平方米時,應設3台,以此類推。

According to the provisions of the "standard" fire protection design of buildings, the other two types of public buildings for a class of public buildings, residential tower, apartment or corridor style residential, twelve floors above the height of over 32 meters shall be provided with fire elevator. The number is when each floor area of not more than 1500 square meters, 1 units should be set up; when more than 1500 square meters but not more than 4500 square meters, 2 units should be set up; when more than 4500 square meters, should be set to 3, and so on.

目前,消防電梯還通常和普通電梯設置在同一個候梯廳內,缺乏進入電梯的前室,一旦發生火災時無法阻止火勢向電梯漫延,這種做法是不對的。

At present, the fire elevator and ordinary elevator is usually arranged in the same waiting hall, lack of access to the elevator front room, unable to prevent the fire from spreading to the elevator in case of fire, this practice is wrong.


許多大樓在消防電梯的設置上沒有符合上述規範要求,同國家標準要求差距甚大,存在嚴重威脅大樓內人員安全的隱患,這是應該引起重視和采取補救措施……對消防電梯消防功能理解有誤在電梯采購時,為節省采購費用和對電梯消防功能理解有誤或受個別人的誤導,而將“迫降功能”誤當消防功能訂購造成後期使用中留下安全隱患。

Many buildings fail to meet the above requirements in the setting of fire elevators, which are quite different from the national standards. There is a serious threat to the safety of personnel in buildings. This is a cause for attention and remedial measures. The function of fire elevator is erroneously understood. During the elevator purchase, the "forced landing function" is mistaken for the fire function order to save cost and misunderstand the elevator fire function, or to be misled by others.


消防電梯的使用功能規定,消防電梯應當在設在電梯基站的消防開關合上後,該台電梯立刻進入消防工作狀態,此時電梯不論處於何種位置、何種狀態該電梯均應立即直接駛向基站,這就是電梯的“迫降功能”。此刻,電梯的內呼、外召按鈕開關均失效不再作響應,電梯到達基站後立即開門,原巳登記的呼梯信號也自動消號,門的光電保護和安全觸板也均不起作用。

The use of functional requirements of fire elevator, fire elevator should be in the fire station on the elevator switch is arranged after the elevator immediately entered the state fire control work, the elevator at any position, what state the elevator shall immediately directly to the base station, which is the function of elevator landing". At the moment, the internal call and external call button switches of the elevator are both invalid and no longer respond. The elevator opens immediately after reaching the base station, and the original registered call signal is also automatically eliminated, and the photoelectric protection and safety touchpad of the door do not work.


屆時,消防救助人員可持有關救援工具迅速進入電梯轎廂並立即前去火災樓層營救、滅火。此時,電梯已不具備自動應答功能,隻響應轎廂內選登記信號,並在應答第一個信號後,其餘內選信號將自動消號,到達所選樓層前不能自動開門,須按動開門按鈕轎門才能開啟。而且,在轎門未完全開啟之前,一旦鬆手轎門又會重新關閉。在轎門完全開啟情況下,轎門可保持開啟狀態,隻有按住關門按鈕才能關門,此時電梯已由自動操作轉變為有司機人控操作。這才是消防電梯真正完整的“消防功能”,“迫降功能”隻是消防電梯的部分功能,而不是其全部功能,切不可二者誤解。

At that time, the fire rescuers can quickly enter the elevator car with relevant rescue tools and immediately go to the fire floor to rescue and extinguish the fire. At this point, the elevator does not have the automatic response function. Only when responding to the selection signal in the car, and after answering the first signal, the rest of the selected signals will automatically disappear. Before the floor is selected, it can't open the door automatically, and the door must be pressed to open the door. Moreover, the sedan door will be closed again once the door is not fully opened. When the car door is fully open, the door can remain open. Only by holding the closing button can the door be closed. At this time, the elevator has been changed from automatic operation to manned operation. This is the real integrity function of fire elevator, and the function of "forced landing" is only part of the function of fire elevator, rather than all its functions, so we must not misunderstand the two.


原《電梯監督檢驗規程》對電梯消防功能的檢驗欠完善原《電梯監督檢驗規程》中對電梯消防功能的檢驗隻要求檢驗其“迫降功能”,而“迫降”後消防人員進入轎廂後的救援操作功能欠完善,此時,電梯隨時可被外部呼梯招喚而影響消防人員的救援工作。這種檢驗也不符合設計規範對電梯消防功能的要求,呼籲加檢後續功能。

Test of the original "elevator supervision and inspection rules" to lift fire function is not perfect the original "elevator supervision and inspection rules" in the inspection of the fire lift function requires only test the "landing function", "landing" after the firefighters entered the car after the rescue operation function is not perfect, at this time, the elevator can be external call at any time call of Ladder Fire Rescue work. This inspection does not conform to the requirements of the design specification for the elevator fire protection, and calls for the follow-up function.


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